People with chronic renal disease have a very serious problem on their kidney function. According to the National Kidney Foundation, chronic renal disease refers to a kidney damage which leads to kidney function decreasing. Renal diet restrictions should be applies strictly to maintain the renal function and to avoid further damage or renal failure.
The main focus of renal diet restrictions is to manage which foods and beverages should to avoid since the renal can not work as usual, removing toxins and reducing waters from the blood. Without proper diet management, people with the disease may feel sick and further, it may develop complications such as anemia, high blood pressure, weak bones, nerve damage and weight loss.
So what should to consider if you have chronic kidney disease? Which foods are must restrict at all and which one should in moderate? Below is general information about renal diet restrictions. Always talk with certified dietitian to get proper picture about daily diet management. This is very important to keep your survive from the disease.
Renal diet restrictions at a glance
1. Fluids intake. Since people with kidney damage have a limitation on fluid filtration and excrete it out of the body, fluids intake moderation is totally important. As a result of the disease, fluid may accumulation in the body causing tissue swelling as well as high blood pressure. Know and measure how much daily fluids should to consume including from drinking water and try to stick on it. Avoid to consuming foods that contain high fluids such as watermelon, cantaloupe, grapes, and ice cream.
2. Protein metabolism in human body creates urea as waste product. This urea should be excretes out of the body to avoid toxin effect. To excrete the urea, the kidney work extra hard and it can worsen the kidney condition if someone has kidney disease. Moderation protein intake is essential in renal diet. A certified dietitian can help to include the right balance of protein in kidney failure diet.
3. Electrolytes. Other important renal diet restrictions is electrolytes amount. Including to these electrolytes are sodium, potassium and phosphorus level in the blood. Kidney failure leads to electrolytes disruptions and this condition may affect to body health. High level of sodium may create high blood pressure meanwhile high level of phosphorus in the blood can cause bone weaken. Foods with high level of potassium also should be avoided since it may increase potassium level in the blood. High level of potassium can affect heart beat