If you experience symptoms such as cloudy urine, bright pink or dark cola urine, pain when urinating, back pain, nausea, fever, and increased frequency of urination meet your doctor soon, it might be kidney infection (pyelonephritis) or urinary tract infections (UTIs) symptoms. You should extra careful when your doctor says that you get kidney infection, untreated condition lead to kidney damage or even kidney failure.
Those who have this infection, commonly also have UTIs since pyelonephritis is one of UTIs complication. The change to get the infection become greater when urine flow stops or slows caused by benign prostatic hypertrophy, bladder stones, kidney stones, and pelvic masses caused by cancer. This urine blockage makes the bacteria more easily travel up the bladder and infects the kidney.
Since the sign and symptoms of pyelonephritis may relate and similar to UTIs symptoms, so how your doctor decide whether your symptoms is caused by kidney infection or urinary tract infection? To decide the disease, your doctor will do several tests to diagnose the disease, below are several techniques to diagnose the disease.
Ways to diagnose kidney infection
1. When you come to a doctor for the first time, he/she will ask you questions about your illness history, asking whether you have the infections before or about your specific symptoms. Later, the doctor will examine your vital signs, general appearance and may press your abdomen where the kidney located to check for tenderness.
2. To identify the presence of infection, often urinalysis is performed. This urinalysis can reveal several disease including diabetes mellitus, urinary tract infections, and glomerulonephritis. This method classifies as simple and cost-effective ways to identify body heath problem through urine observation. A plastic or paper dipstick device allows semi qualitative result in seconds.
3. Blood culture is commonly use to identify whether kidney infection has spread to the blood streams. According to Wikipedia, blood culture is a microbiological culture of blood. When the culture result is positive, it may refer to septicemia, or bacteremia.
4. Similar to blood culture, the urine culture performs to identify the presence of bacteria in the urine. This technique can also decide the types of bacteria inside your urine giving your doctor to decide which antibiotics are best fit to treat kidney infection.
5. Through X-ray imaging technique called as computed tomography or CT scan, a structure of organ inside of human body can be observed clearly. In kidney infection cases, this CT scan is use to see the presence of kidney stones, growth, blockage, infection, or other urinary tract problems.