With aging your nerves get fatigued and you start forgetting things. This forgetfulness commonly known as dementia worsens day by day and starts affecting your routine activities. Dementia is a general term and covers a number of brain disorders which affect memory, thinking, behavior and emotions of the person. More than 70% of the patients between 50-60 years of age suffer from Alzheimer’s disease.
How do you know if you have Alzheimer’s ?
To make a clear difference between forgetfulness and Alzheimer’s disease think if you forgotten the way of your house it is dementia while if you don’t remember whether you have a house or not, it’s Alzheimer’s disease. Most of the time, Alzheimer’s disease is caused by a combination of genetic factors, environmental factors and lifestyle of a person that affect the brain with aging. How these factors interplay is still unclear; however, in less than 5% of the patients a genetic change can be detected. While the exact etiology is still unclear, scientists are well able to understand its effects on brain. The hall mark of the Alzheimer’s disease is the presence of amyloid plaques and neuro-fibrillary tangles in brain tissue which decreases the ability of brain cells to communicate with one another, and the cells begin to die.
With years of research, experts are able to find some warning signs which can help people identify their disease. Some of the typical warning signs include memory loss especially related to recent events, confusion about time and place, trouble finding appropriate words, and poor judgment while making decisions. Starting symptoms of the Alzheimer’s disease are always increasing forgetfulness and mild confusion. People often feel that they have difficulty in memorizing easy things and organizing their thoughts. With progression of the disease, these symptoms lead to poor memory function and decrease your ability to speak and write coherently. Sometimes, patients may not recognize that something is wrong, even when changes are noticeable to their friends and family members.
There is no specific treatment to cure Alzheimer’s disease however, there are some home remedies, certain medications and management strategies which can alleviate symptoms, slowdown the progress of the disease, maximize brain function and maintain independence. Home remedies for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease include use of vitamins, herbal extracts, vegetables e.g. pumpkin and other food and spices such as sesame and sunflower seeds. There is increasing evidence that taking foods which are rich in beta-carotenes and vitamin A such as spinach, carrots, whole milk and squash may improve the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
Commonly used medications for treatment of Alzheimer’s include cholinesterase inhibitors which inhibit the break down of acetylcholine and thus slow the progression of disease. Evidence has suggested that people who do lifelong mental and
social activities e.g. playing games, higher education, reading novels are less likely to develop disease. There is no clear evidence about lifestyle modifications in preventing Alzheimer’s but there are certain factors which leads to worsening of symptoms. These factors include high blood pressure, poorly controlled diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol and lack of exercise.