Triglycerides are fatty substances in the blood that is stored in fat cells of the body, if the levels of excess can increase the risk of various diseases. Therefore know how to control your triglyceride levels so as not to excess.
Excess calories in your body that are not used will be stored in fatty tissue called triglycerides. It has the function of providing energy to perform daily work, forming a cushion to protect vital organs and helps the absorption of vitamins.
Relatively normal triglyceride levels less than 150 mg / dL, borderline high category if its value is 150-199 mg / dL, categorized as high if the value is 200-499 mg / dL and the category of very high if the value is 500 mg / dL or more.
But if the level is excessive it may increase the risk of some diseases such as:
- Liver disease, if high triglyceride levels will lead to excess fat cells in your body that will be stored in the liver that triggers fatty liver disease, which can cause heart complications.
- Hardening of the arteries that lead to atherosclerosis condition thus causing heart disease and stroke.
- Metabolic syndrome is a combination of heart disease, diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure.
- Diabetes, the increased levels of triglycerides in fat cells will stimulate the release of certain inflammatory cells called cytokines into the bloodstream and it will affect the body’s ability to control blood sugar levels blood that increases the risk of diabetes.
Several factors known to contribute to high triglyceride levels such as diet, certain medical conditions, hormonal imbalance, smoking, physical inactivity, obesity and heredity. For that to know what steps are necessary in controlling triglyceride levels so as not to excess, as quoted from Lifemojo:
- Choose the proper protein, foods rich in omega-3 beneficial in controlling the formation of excess triglycerides such as salmon, tuna, sardines, and for vegetarians can of walnuts, almonds or soaked flax seeds.
- Choose the right fat source. Avoid red meat, butter and no trans-fats in fast food fried like French fries.
- Choose the right carbs, such as wheat, oats and brown rice are in the category of complex carbohydrates, and avoid refined flour products such as pasta, bread and noodles.
- Exercise to help reduce levels of fat in the body that is automatically helped reduce excess triglycerides.
- Eating fruits and vegetables, because they contain soluble fiber good or not so that helps control weight and lower triglyceride levels.
- Reduce intake of alcohol, there are studies that show red wine good for the heart but still there is a limit of consumption. But when one starts to consume alcohol even though preceded by a red wine, it could lead to beer and whiskey. Regular alcohol consumption was associated with increased triglyceride levels.
- Consider weight-owned, this is because obesity is an important factor leading to elevated levels of triglycerides.